On the occasion of the «International Day of the Girl», set up by the UN Women’s Agency, 6 years ago, the «One» Ngo, co-founded by the singer Bono, published recently an alarming report on the girls’ access to education around the world.
Entitled «Girls ‘access to education in the world: bad students», this study shows the ranking of countries where girls’ education is struggling to take off. Among the ten (10) «bad students», nine (09) are in Africa. This list includes: South Sudan, Central African Republic, Niger, Chad, Mali, Guinea, Liberia, Burkina Faso and Ethiopia. Afghanistan is also in the group. In total, more than 130 million girls around the world are out of school due to various factors, revealed this study.
Early weddings prevent them from continuing their education in Ethiopia. Two out of five girls get marriage before the age of 10 and almost one out of five before the age of 15. Sometimes, young schoolgirls have to leave the school system to go to work because families living in extreme poverty, cannot pay school fees. And, if they can, they choose to send the boys to study. On average, the probability of a girl not attending school is 57% higher than the same probability for a boy. And this gap reaches 83% at the high school level, reported the study. In Afghanistan (ranked fourth), there are 100 primary school boys compared to only 71 girls. Finally, conflict also plays a disastrous role in girls’ education. In Nigeria, hundreds of schools have been destroyed or closed under the influence of the jihadist group of Boko Haram, and more than half of the girls in the region have never been to school.
Serge David ZOUEME